Graduated, physics, 1971. Editor, Design magazine, 1979-82, then co-founder of Blueprint magazine. For designers Fitch, co-led multi-client study on e-commerce, 1988. At the Henley Centre for Forecasting, proposed Web TV, 1993. Chief, worldwide market intelligence, Philips Consumer Electronics, the Netherlands, 1995-7. Director, product designers Seymour Powell, 1997-2001. Independent since 2001.